Gum disease is a big problem with Americans and is mostly a preventable disease. Dr. Machnowski in Woodridge is here to provide his patients with the education they need to fight gum disease as well as provide them with information about the different gum disease treatments we offer at our Woodridge dental office. If you have bleeding, sore or red gums, there is a chance that you have gum disease. Schedule an appointment with Dr. Machnowski at your earliest convenience to discuss your different treatment options.
Stages of Gum Disease & Their Treatments
Gum disease has 4 different stages, each with a different treatment option, symptoms and warning signs. The longer you wait to treat your gum disease, the more likely that it progresses into the next stage. Before your gum disease gets worse, schedule an appointment with our dentist.
Stage 1: Gingivitis
Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease. Common symptoms include bad breath, swelling or red gums, bleeding when flossing and probing depths of 2 to 4 millimeters. No bone loss has occurred in your mouth yet. This is the easiest stage of gum disease to treat. Your dentist will recommend an oral hygiene regimen to practice at home as well as regular dental check-ups. Your dentist may also perform a deep cleaning or root planing and scaling where he cleans plaque and tartar from under the gum line. Without treatment, gingivitis can develop into the periodontal disease with deeper pockets of infection, abscesses, cavities, and potential tooth loss.
Stage 2/3: Slight and Moderate Periodontitis
After gingivitis, your periodontal disease will form into slight periodontitis and then moderate periodontitis. At these stages, the infection has extended under the gum line and will begin destroying bone. The bacteria becomes deeper making it harder to remove. Symptoms of these stages include, worse bad breath, bleeding when brushing and flossing, increased redness of your gums, and pain. Slight periodontitis has probing depths of 4 to 5 millimeters while moderate has probing depths of 6 to 7 millimeters. To treat these stages, your dentist will perform a deep cleaning with scaling and root planing to remove the bacteria under the gum line. Without treatment, the periodontal disease can lead to more bone loss, loosening of teeth, bleeding and pus, gum recession, sensitivity, teeth shifting and worsening infection.
Stage 4: Advanced Periodontitis
The last stage of periodontal disease is advanced periodontitis. This occurs when a patient has not received any treatment for their gum disease. At this point, the infection grows deeper to make teeth more prone to bone loss and loosening. The risk for tooth loss increases significantly at this stage. Symptoms include swelling, red or oozing gums, bad tooth mobility, cold sensitivity, severe bad breath, pain when chewing and pocket depths of 7 or more millimeters. Treatment at this point will require periodontal surgery to clean out the deep pockets of bacteria. If not treated, gum recession and sensitivity will continue, there will be spaces and gaps in teeth, bacteria can enter the bloodstream and tooth loss can be expected.
Visit Your Woodridge Dentist for Gum Disease Treatment Today
If you’re ready to fight gum disease in Woodridge, it’s time to schedule an appointment with Dr. Machnowski by giving us a call or filling out our online form.